Annual and transition report of foreign private issuers pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Tax

Income Tax
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Income Tax [Abstract]  



The Company files its income tax report in the state of Israel and is subject to taxation laws applicable in Israel.


A. On January 4, 2016, the Israeli parliament passed the Law for Amendment of the Income Tax Ordinance No. 216, which, among other things reduced the standard Israeli corporate income tax rate from 26.5% to 25% effective as of January 2016.


In December 2016, the Israeli parliament passed the Economic Efficiency Law (Legislative Amendments to Achieve Budget Targets for the 2017 and 2018 Budget), which set a further reduction of corporate tax from 25% to 23%. The provisions of the law included a Temporary Order stipulate that the corporate tax rate in 2017 will be 24%. As a result, the corporate tax rate that will apply in 2017 will be 24% and the corporate tax rate that will take effect from 2018 onwards will be 23%


B. The Company has final (considered final) tax assessments through the 2013 tax year.


C. As of December 31, 2018, the Company has carried forward losses for Israeli income tax purposes of approximately $3.7 million which can be offset against future taxable income for an indefinite period of time.


D. The Company is still in its development stage and has not yet generated revenues, therefore, it is more likely than not that sufficient taxable income will not be available for the tax losses to be utilized in the future. Therefore, a valuation allowance was recorded to reduce the deferred tax assets to its recoverable amounts.


    As of December, 31  
Composition of deferred tax assets:   2018     2017  
Net loss carry-forward   $ 1,121,229     $ 814,000  
Valuation allowance     (1,121,229 )     (814,000 )
      -       -  


E. For the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, the following table reconciles the statutory income tax rate to the effective income tax rate:


    Year Ended December 31,  
    2018     2017     2016  
Tax rate     23 %     24 %     25 %
Tax expense (benefit) at statutory rate   $ (105,234 )   $ (642,090 )   $ (163,365 )
Tax rate differential     -       28,057       (55,376 )
Decrease in taxes from permanent differences in stock-based compensation     10,964       27,301       52,545  
Decrease in taxes from permanent difference in warrants liabilities     (212,959 )     304,254       29,394  
Loss carryforwards-change in valuation allowance     307,229       282,478       136,802  
Income tax expense (benefit)   $ -     $ -     $ -